Archives par mot-clé : École Française d’Athènes

The archival journey of entrenched post-Ottoman minorities / Le parcours archivistique des minorités post-ottomanes enracinées

EFA- 06/10/2023

1922: In the Wake of the Death of an Empire: The archival journey of entrenched post-Ottoman minorities
Workshop for scholars and archivists

Program

This workshop, with its driving theme, is the second major event of a five-year project entitled  1922 : In the Wake of the Death of an Empire: Political Transitions and Minority Strategies of Entrenchment in the Eastern Mediterranean which is funded by the École française d’Athènes, the CNRS-IHMC, and Koç University and run by Angelos Dalachanis (CNRS-IHMC) and Alexis Rappas (Koç University).

How does one apprehend the lives of Eastern Mediterranean minorities who managed, or were allowed to stay where they resided despite the upheavals brought by the collapse of the Ottoman Empire? On the face of it, the task might appear easier than the one facing scholars of actively persecuted populations. Traumatic events like the massacres and expulsions of Muslim and Christian populations from the Balkans and Anatolia that have marked the abolition of the Sultanate never say their name -often given to them subsequently by historians or activists- in the written record. The latter’s destruction was often indeed planned, an integral part of the nationalistic demographic engineering at work in these events. By contrast “minorities,” as were sometimes designated after the Great War ethnically distinct groups allowed to remain in the successor states of the Ottoman empire, are much more visible in the archive. Indeed, official concerns regarding their size, wealth, activities, and indeed loyalty, meant that they were constantly surveilled. In this sense, the written record contributed very much to fabricating minorities, namely discrete, legible, and ultimately controllable groups. This was not a uniquely top-down process, however. Minority groups themselves, using the official channels of communication available to them, and performing -sometimes tactically- the social function they had been ascribed as a strategy of survival in their interactions with state authorities or official and unofficial third parties, participated in the entrenchment of their identity.

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EFA- 06/10/2023

1922 : Dans le sillage de la mort d’un empire : Le parcours archivistique des minorités post-ottomanes enracinées
Atelier pour chercheurs et archivistes

Programme

Cet atelier, dont le thème est porteur, est le deuxième événement majeur d’un projet quinquennal intitulé Dans le sillage de la mort d’un empire, 1922 : transitions politiques et stratégies d’enracinement des populations minoritaires en Méditerranée orientale, financé par l’École française d’Athènes, le CNRS-IHMC et l’Université de Koç et dirigé par Angelos Dalachanis (CNRS-IHMC) et Alexis Rappas (Université de Koç).

Comment appréhender la vie des minorités de l’Est méditerranéen qui ont su ou pu rester là où elles résidaient malgré les bouleversements engendrés par l’effondrement de l’Empire ottoman ? À première vue, la tâche peut sembler plus facile que celle à laquelle sont confrontés les spécialistes des populations activement persécutées. Des événements traumatisants comme les massacres et les expulsions de populations musulmanes et chrétiennes des Balkans et d’Anatolie qui ont marqué l’abolition du sultanat ne disent jamais leur nom – souvent donné par la suite par des historiens ou des activistes – dans les archives écrites. La destruction de ces dernières était en effet souvent planifiée, partie intégrante de l’ingénierie démographique nationaliste à l’œuvre dans ces événements. En revanche, les “minorités”, parfois désignées après la Grande Guerre comme des groupes ethniquement distincts autorisés à rester dans les États successeurs de l’empire ottoman, sont beaucoup plus visibles dans les archives. En effet, les préoccupations officielles concernant leur taille, leur richesse, leurs activités, voire leur loyauté, signifiaient qu’elles étaient constamment surveillées. En ce sens, les archives écrites ont contribué à l’élaboration d’un système de gestion de l’information.

Appel à communication – Reconstructing and Reimagining the Family

Reconstructing and Reimagining the Family: Health Sciences and Welfare on Families in Southeastern Europe (1945 -1989)

Place: École Française d’Athènes, Athens
Date: 8 September 2023
Deadline for submission: 04/06/2023

At the end of the Second World War families all over Europe faced harsh realities: missing, killed, and injured members, loss of home and recourses, dislocation and separation. At the same time, “the family” was recognized as “the natural and fundamental group unit of society […] entitled to protection by society and the State”. (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 16, 1946).It was placed at the foreground of a series of discourses and practices aiming at reconstructing Europe, and at guarantying its economic, political and social stability and progress. In a nutshell, the rebuilding and development of post-war societies went through the rebuilding of families, which was often envisioned as reform or even as “modernization” of the family. Subsequently, over the course of the second half of the twentieth century, political, economic and cultural changes had varied and profound effects on families and the notion of “the family”. These developments can be fruitfully explored from the perspective of health sciences and welfare interventions.

More specifically, we are interested in the following research questions:

Which medical sciences were claiming expertise on the family after the Second World War? Did they include specialties beyond pediatrics, obstetrics-gynecology, psychiatry and child psychiatry? Which ones were newcomers and which had been already established during the interwar period? Did their approaches change in the course of the twentieth century?

  • To what extent welfare agents and workers (experts and volunteers) cooperated with health scientists and/or adopted and furthered discourses and practices on health in their work with families? Can we discern a trend of “psychosocial welfare”, namely an approach binding social welfare with interventions on relationships within the family and, more specifically, on mental and emotional health? Did the “psy” become central in understanding and working with families, as it has been argued for countries of Western Europe?
  • What was the role of professionals, such as nurses, social workers and therapists, but also of social scientists, in the health schemes around families? Special emphasis is placed on social work, which although not a science, drew heavily on sciences, both the social (mainly sociology) and the “psy” sciences (psychiatry, psychology and psychoanalysis), thus proving a useful case study.

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Please address your queries and send your proposal (300-word abstract, along with and a one-page cv) to Despo Kritsotaki (despo.kritsotaki[at]gmail.com) and Nicolas Henckes nicolas.henckes[at]cnrs.fr).

Submission of proposals by 4.6.2023.
Notification of acceptance: 19.6.2023.

Veuillez adresser vos questions et envoyer votre proposition (résumé de 300 mots, accompagné d’un CV d’une page) à Despo Kritsotaki (despo.kritsotaki[at]gmail.com) et Nicolas Henckes (nicolas.henckes[at]cnrs.fr).

Soumission des propositions avant le 4.6.2023.
Notification d’acceptation : 19.6.2023.

Rencontre École française d’Athènes-Inalco, Circulations culturelles dans l’espace balkanique et méditerranéen

Vendredi 12 mai 2023 

09:00 - 18:30

Inalco, Maison de la Recherche, 

Auditorium Dumézil (2, rue de Lille, Paris 7ème)

Entrée libre (dans la limite des places disponibles)

Le Centre de Recherche Europes – Eurasie (Inalco, CREE), le Centre de Recherches Moyen-Orient, Méditerranée (CERMOM, EA 4091) et l’École française d’Athènes (EFA) ont le plaisir de vous convier à la journée d’étude : “Rencontre École française d’Athènes-Inalco, Circulations culturelles dans l’espace balkanique et méditerranéen”.

JOURNEE D ETUDE

Église latine devenue mosquée à Nicosie, Geoffrey Meyer-Fernandez

Organisée par la Section moderne et contemporaine de l’Ecole française d’Athènes, le CREE et le CERMOM, la journée d’étude vise à défricher plusieurs chantiers de recherche concernant les circulations culturelles Balkans-Méditerranée orientale dans leurs dimensions pluridisciplinaires et de longue durée. Elle a aussi l’ambition de renforcer la coopération entre l’EFA et l’INALCO et les échanges de jeunes chercheurs.

L’attention portée aux circulations culturelles entre Balkans et Méditerranée permet d’éclairer les transformations et les divisions politiques de ces deux régions. En même temps, une réflexion critique sur la notion de circulation s’offre comme approche pour souligner la diversité des acteurs et d’objets, leurs hiérarchies et valeurs ainsi que les directions de leurs mouvements. Penser les circulations à partir de plusieurs disciplines nous invite à questionner les découpages traditionnels entre aires culturelles. Ici nous aborderons la pluralité des circulations dans l’espace balkanique-méditerranéen sur la longue durée au prisme de la production matérielle, des trajectoires des acteurs, du partage et de l’appropriation de modèles et d’idées. Continuer la lecture de Rencontre École française d’Athènes-Inalco, Circulations culturelles dans l’espace balkanique et méditerranéen

Reconstructing and Reimagining the Family: Health sciences and welfare on families in Southeastern Europe (1945-1989)

September 8, 2023

Athens, École Française d’Athènes

Organisers: École Française d’Athènes (EFA) //École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) // Centre de Recherche Médecine, Sciences, Santé, Santé Mentale, Société (CERMES3)// COST Action “Who Cares in Europe”// Modern Greek History Research Centre, Academy of Athens// The Greek Network for the History of Health

At the end of the Second World War families all over Europe faced harsh realities: missing, killed, and injured members, loss of home and recourses, dislocation and separation. At the same time, “the family” was recognized as “the natural and fundamental group unit of society […] entitled to protection by society and the State”. It was placed at the foreground of a series of discourses and practices aiming at reconstructing Europe, and at guarantying its economic, political and social stability and progress. In a nutshell, the rebuilding and development of post-war societies went through the rebuilding of families, which was often envisioned as reform or even as “modernization” of the family. Subsequently, over the course of the second half of the twentieth century, political, economic and cultural changes had varied and profound effects on families and the notion of “the family”. These developments can be fruitfully explored from the perspective of health sciences and welfare interventions.

The workshop aspires to enrich and nuance our understanding of post-war visions of and approaches to the family through an original geographical and analytical lens. On the one hand, it will chart new research on the countries of the post-war Southeastern Europe (Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Romania and Turkey), which are understudied in comparison to Western European countries, and which are rarely examined together, owing to their different political systems and social policies. On the other hand, through the concept of health, a notion that was broadened in the post-war period to encompass not only the physical and mental, but also the social, the workshop embarks on a combined exploration of medical and social sciences, along with welfare professions, in shaping discourses and undertaking action on families.
Continuer la lecture de Reconstructing and Reimagining the Family: Health sciences and welfare on families in Southeastern Europe (1945-1989)

LUCILE ARNOUX-FARNOUX, ALEXANDRE FARNOUX, A L’OMBRE DU LYCABETTE. L’ECOLE FRANCAISE ET LA VILLE D’ATHENES, ECOLE FRANCAISE D’ATHENES, 2022 (330 P., 39 €)

Issu d’une conversation de salon athénien, d’une visite officielle à l’Acropole, d’une suggestion d’un ancien membre de l’expédition de Morée ou du malaise d’un érudit français dans une école de la ville ou des quatre à la fois, le destin de l’École française d’Athènes est lié à l’histoire de la ville d’Athènes et de la société athénienne. Ce lien est riche et réciproque, car l’École a été un acteur de l’histoire urbaine et sociale de la ville et la ville a été un terrain d’apprentissage et un objet d’étude pour la communauté savante qui y vit. Dans ce double rapport à la ville qui l’a accueillie, l’École a construit une histoire singulière et méconnue. En s’installant dans la capitale du nouvel État, l’École ne s’installe pas seulement dans « la patrie des arts et des lettres » dont rêve tout philologue: elle prend racine sur un terrain où les membres découvrent une langue grecque vivante et parlée, une Antiquité originale et inattendue, un peuple héritier d’une histoire prestigieuse et acteur d’une actualité imprévisible. C’est pourquoi il n’est pas exagéré de dire que la ville d’Athènes a été pour de nombreux membres la première « école » de la Grèce.

Lucile Arnoux est comparatiste, spécialiste de littérature néo-hellénique (université de Tours). Elle a publié notamment les volumes Le double voyage : Paris-Athènes 1919-1939 (EFA, 2018) et Le double voyage : Paris-Athènes 1945-1975 (EFA, 2021), et traduit plusieurs romanciers grecs des XXe et XXIe siècles.
Alexandre Farnoux est professeur d’archéologie et d’histoire de l’art grec à Paris Sorbonne et ancien directeur de l’École française d’Athènes (2011-2019). Il a travaillé sur plusieurs sites de l’École (Malia, Délos, Lato et Dréros) et a publié plusieurs livres dont Cnossos, l’archéologie d’un rêve (Gallimard, Paris 1993) ou catalogues d’exposition, notamment Homère (Louvre Lens – RMN, 2019).

Ce livre est le premier volume d’une nouvelle collection Sources et documents. En présentant l’édition diplomatique et/ou critique de documents, des journaux de voyage et des carnets de fouilles, des archives photographiques, des dessins, des notes et des lettres, la collection Sources et documents témoigne des recherches et explorations conduites en Grèce, dans les Balkans et dans tout le pourtour oriental de la Méditerranée.

Séminaire – Cities of Multiple Arrivals and Departures

Cities of Multiple Arrivals and Departures; Rethinking the Refugee Experience in Thessaloniki, 1922-2022


Eleni Kyramargiou – Olga Lafazani
Institute of Historical Research / National Hellenic Research Foundation

Jeudi 12 mai 2022 – 19:00 (EEST)
Thursday 12 May 2022 – 7 p.m. (EEST)

Séminaire hybride / Υβριδικό σεμινάριο  / Hybrid seminar

=> Salle des conférences de l’EFA, Didotou 6 (port du masque obligatoire) / Αίθουσα διαλέξεων της ΓΣΑ, Διδότου 6 (υποχρεωτική χρήση μάσκας) / EFA Conference room, Didotou 6 (mandatory face mask)

=> Inscription au webinaire / Εγγραφή στο webinar

En savoir plus… / More information… https://u.efa.gr/6i

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The research project 100memories attempts to combine the historical research on refugee settlement and population movement to and from Greek territory in the 20th century, with pioneering technological methods and tools, aiming at the documentation, dissemination and representation of historical memory, as it relates to refugee populations. But beyond that, it also endeavours to highlight the complex and multifaceted ways in which both the political and social history of Greece are interwoven with the refugee arrival and settlement, as well as with later population movements. The project focuses on four port cities (Piraeus, Volos, Thessaloniki, and Chania) which were pivotal to the refugee experience. Presenting the preliminary findings of the research we will narrate the story of the city of Thessaloniki and, mainly, on the neighbourhood of Ano Poli, the port, and the train terminal. Using 12 historical fragments, we will attempt to trace the thread of movement as it was woven into the history of the city, and particularly this neighbourhood and these two transport hubs, over a period of more than a hundred years, beginning in 1917, with the blaze that transformed the city, all the way to 2015 and the arrival of the refugees.

Eleni Kyramargiou is associate researcher in the Institute of Historical Research / National Hellenic Research Foundation. She has earned her Ph.D. in Contemporary History (University of the Aegean). She has worked in research programmes of the Institute of Mediterranean Studies / Foundation of Research and Technology, the Institute of Historical Research / National Hellenic Research Foundation and the National Bank of Greece Cultural Foundation. Her research focuses on the subject of refugee settlement and industrial history in the wider area of Piraeus. She is currently active as Principal Investigator in the research project “100 Memories” (2020-2023) focusing on the memories and legacies of the population exchange and the refugee settlement in Greece. She has published a book and several articles in academic and non-academic journals

Olga Lafazani is a Post Doc Researcher at the Institute of Historical Research / National Hellenic Research Foundation. She holds a PhD in Social Geography. She has been working as a social and cultural geographer in several national and European research institutions and projects. Her main interests include the study of migration, borders, economies and urban space with an emphasis on ethnographies of everyday life. She is currently active in the research project “100 Memories” (2020-2023) focusing on the memories and legacies of the population exchange and the refugee settlement in Greece. She has published several articles in academic and non-academic journals.

Journée d’études- Art et politique à l’ère des révolutions

École française d’Athènes, Fondation Telloglion
Avec le soutien de l’INU Champollion et de l’IUF

13 mai 2022

Séminaire hybride / Υβριδικό σεμινάρι

Sur place à l’École française d’Athènes, Salle des conférences de l’EFA, Didotou 6 (port du masque obligatoire) / Αίθουσα διαλέξεων της ΓΣΑ, Διδότου 6 (υποχρεωτική χρήση μάσκας) / EFA Conference room, Didotou 6 (mandatory face mask)

Programme

=> Inscription au webinaire / Εγγραφή στο webinar

Bulletin de correspondance hellénique moderne et contemporain 4/2021: Histories, Spaces and Heritages at the Transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Greek State

BCHmc 4 couv

Table des matières:

Continuer la lecture de Bulletin de correspondance hellénique moderne et contemporain 4/2021: Histories, Spaces and Heritages at the Transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Greek State